The fulfilled prophecies in the Old Testament are always astonishing. At that time, some of the predictions were completely incomprehensible, but today, in comparison with the historical events, they are quite plausible. So does the book of Daniel chapter 11.
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DThe prophet Daniel was taken to Babylon in his young age (probably 17 years old) in 605 BC. One of his prophecies recorded in chapter 11 describes from his perspective the future events between a king of the north and a king of the south until the end of time. The disputes shown actually took place in antiquity, as did the historical developments up to current world events.
It is understandable that the explanations in chapter 11 have been a “mysterious book” for people for centuries without any reference. However, the ignorance of the content of chapter 11 came as no surprise, for Daniel 12:9-10 says:
“And he said, Go thy way, Daniel: for the words are closed up and sealed till the time of the end. Many shall be purified, and made white, and tried; but the wicked shall do wickedly: and none of the wicked shall understand; but the wise shall understand.”.
Daniel introduces the eleventh chapter with the report that it is now the first year of the reign of Darius the Medes.
“Also I in the first year of Darius the Mede, even I, stood to confirm and to strengthen him. And now will I shew thee the truth. Behold, there shall stand up yet three kings in Persia; and the fourth shall be far richer than they all: and by his strength through his riches he shall stir up all against the realm of Grecia. And a mighty king shall stand up, that shall rule with great dominion, and do according to his will. And when he shall stand up, his kingdom shall be broken, and shall be divided toward the four winds of heaven; and not to his posterity, nor according to his dominion which he ruled: for his kingdom shall be plucked up, even for others beside those.”
–> According to historiography, the three kings of Persia were Cambyses, Darius and Ahasuerus. The fourth king with greater wealth was Artaxerxes. The brave king who emerged next took over the empire of the Medo-Persians, Alexander the Great, and he established the empire of Greece. The collapse of the empire happened shortly after Alexander’s death due to the clashes between his four generals. The rise of the Roman Empire is already indicated in the last sentence.
“And the king of the south shall be strong, and one of his princes; and he shall be strong above him, and have dominion; his dominion shall be a great dominion. And in the end of years they shall join themselves together; for the king’s daughter of the south shall come to the king of the north to make an agreement: but she shall not retain the power of the arm; neither shall he stand, nor his arm: but she shall be given up, and they that brought her, and he that begat her, and he that strengthened her in these times.”
–> Marriage between Berenice, daughter of Ptolemy Philadelphus of Egypt and Antiochus of Syria. Berenike is murdered and the agreement sought through the marriage of convenience failed.
“But out of a branch of her roots shall one stand up in his estate, which shall come with an army, and shall enter into the fortress of the king of the north, and shall deal against them, and shall prevail: And shall also carry captives into Egypt their gods, with their princes, and with their precious vessels of silver and of gold; and he shall continue more years than the king of the north. So the king of the south shall come into his kingdom, and shall return into his own land. But his sons shall be stirred up, and shall assemble a multitude of great forces: and one shall certainly come, and overflow, and pass through: then shall he return, and be stirred up, even to his fortress. And the king of the south shall be moved with choler, and shall come forth and fight with him, even with the king of the north: and he shall set forth a great multitude; but the multitude shall be given into his hand. And when he hath taken away the multitude, his heart shall be lifted up; and he shall cast down many ten thousands: but he shall not be strengthened by it. For the king of the north shall return, and shall set forth a multitude greater than the former, and shall certainly come after certain years with a great army and with much riches. And in those times there shall many stand up against the king of the south: also the robbers of thy people shall exalt themselves to establish the vision; but they shall fall.”
–> The Greek countries from the north and from the south never came to rest and fought incessantly.
“So the king of the north shall come, and cast up a mount, and take the most fenced cities: and the arms of the south shall not withstand, neither his chosen people, neither shall there be any strength to withstand. But he that cometh against him shall do according to his own will, and none shall stand before him: and he shall stand in the glorious land, which by his hand shall be consumed.”
–> Rome, which has meanwhile become powerful, finally appears very visibly on the world stage and presses the Greek countries up to their incorporation.
“He shall also set his face to enter with the strength of his whole kingdom, and upright ones with him; thus shall he do: and he shall give him the daughter of women, corrupting her: but she shall not stand on his side, neither be for him.”
–> Here Julius Caesar, who greatly expands the Roman Empire, is recognized as the main actor. The daughter is Cleopatra (Marcus Antonius).
“After this shall he turn his face unto the isles, and shall take many: but a prince for his own behalf shall cause the reproach offered by him to cease; without his own reproach he shall cause it to turn upon him. Then he shall turn his face toward the fort of his own land: but he shall stumble and fall, and not be found. Then shall stand up in his estate a raiser of taxes in the glory of the kingdom: but within few days he shall be destroyed, neither in anger, nor in battle.”
–> Rome continues to expand spheres of influence and power. Emperor Augustus reigned at the time of Jesus Christ’s birth and collected taxes from every corner of the Roman Empire.
“And in his estate shall stand up a vile person, to whom they shall not give the honour of the kingdom: but he shall come in peaceably, and obtain the kingdom by flatteries. And with the arms of a flood shall they be overflown from before him, and shall be broken; yea, also the prince of the covenant.”
–> Emperor Tiberius came to power. Jesus Christ (Prince of the Covenant) is crucified.
“And after the league made with him he shall work deceitfully: for he shall come up, and shall become strong with a small people. He shall enter peaceably even upon the fattest places of the province; and he shall do that which his fathers have not done, nor his fathers’ fathers; he shall scatter among them the prey, and spoil, and riches: yea, and he shall forecast his devices against the strong holds, even for a time. And he shall stir up his power and his courage against the king of the south with a great army; and the king of the south shall be stirred up to battle with a very great and mighty army; but he shall not stand: for they shall forecast devices against him. Yea, they that feed of the portion of his meat shall destroy him, and his army shall overflow: and many shall fall down slain. And both these kings’ hearts shall be to do mischief, and they shall speak lies at one table; but it shall not prosper: for yet the end shall be at the time appointed. Then shall he return into his land with great riches; and his heart shall be against the holy covenant; and he shall do exploits, and return to his own land. At the time appointed he shall return, and come toward the south; but it shall not be as the former, or as the latter. For the ships of Chittim shall come against him: therefore he shall be grieved, and return, and have indignation against the holy covenant: so shall he do; he shall even return, and have intelligence with them that forsake the holy covenant.”
–> Rome’s conquests and defeats. “Anger at the holy covenant” stands for the destruction of Jerusalem by the general and later emperor Titus in 70 AD and the final scattering of the people of Judah by Emperor Hadrian in 135 AD
“And arms shall stand on his part, and they shall pollute the sanctuary of strength, and shall take away the daily sacrifice, and they shall place the abomination that maketh desolate.”
–> After a smooth transition, the papacy appears for the first time. Introduction of Gnostic teachings based on the mixing of Christianity with Babylonian paganism through the Eucharist, postponement of Saturday observance (Sabbath) to Sunday and other heresies.
“And such as do wickedly against the covenant shall he corrupt by flatteries: but the people that do know their God shall be strong, and do exploits. And they that understand among the people shall instruct many: yet they shall fall by the sword, and by flame, by captivity, and by spoil, many days.”
–> Papacy attains full religious and political power (AD 538) Spread of terror against all who follow Roman dogmas. Catholic church do not follow. This phase lasted 1260 years (“for a while”), until the dethronement of Pope in 1798 by Napoleon’s General Berthier.
“Now when they shall fall, they shall be holpen with a little help: but many shall cleave to them with flatteries. And some of them of understanding shall fall, to try them, and to purge, and to make them white, even to the time of the end: because it is yet for a time appointed.”
–> Temporal inset with a description of the Reformation during the Roman Catholic reign of terror.
“And the king shall do according to his will; and he shall exalt himself, and magnify himself above every god, and shall speak marvellous things against the God of gods, and shall prosper till the indignation be accomplished: for that that is determined shall be done. Neither shall he regard the God of his fathers, nor the desire of women, nor regard any god: for he shall magnify himself above all. But in his estate shall he honour the God of forces: and a god whom his fathers knew not shall he honour with gold, and silver, and with precious stones, and pleasant things. Thus shall he do in the most strong holds with a strange god, whom he shall acknowledge and increase with glory: and he shall cause them to rule over many, and shall divide the land for gain.”
–> More detailed description of the papacy and its machinations. Absolute suzerainty, distribution of lands to docile kings, and disregard for other churches (“women”). Secret worship Babylonian deity (“god of fortresses”).
“And at the time of the end shall the king of the south push at him: and the king of the north shall come against him like a whirlwind, with chariots, and with horsemen, and with many ships; and he shall enter into the countries, and shall overflow and pass over. He shall enter also into the glorious land, and many countries shall be overthrown: but these shall escape out of his hand, even Edom, and Moab, and the chief of the children of Ammon. He shall stretch forth his hand also upon the countries: and the land of Egypt shall not escape. But he shall have power over the treasures of gold and of silver, and over all the precious things of Egypt: and the Libyans and the Ethiopians shall be at his steps. But tidings out of the east and out of the north shall trouble him: therefore he shall go forth with great fury to destroy, and utterly to make away many. And he shall plant the tabernacles of his palace between the seas in the glorious holy mountain; yet he shall come to his end, and none shall help him.”
–> The local struggles between the north and south kings (typos) correspond today to the disputes between the religious (predominance of the Roman Catholic Church) and atheism (above all communism, socialism and their former countries). Ultimately, there is a synthesis, probably based on a pseudo-religion in the form of climate protection, “Mother Earth (Gaia)” with recognition of the papacy as the “highest moral authority”.
Just as in the historical struggles between north and south the land of Israel (God’s people) was geographically in between and was wiped out, today the believers in the true gospel (God’s people) are between the opponents of Roman dogmas and atheism. After union (synthesis), the believers are targeted by both forces. Persecution by state, churches and general population. But then “he” (the papacy plus followers) will come to an end.
The historical sequence and the characteristics of the participants described in it show numerous parallels to the “little horn” in the books of Daniel chapters 7 and 8. Proof that the King of the North must in any case be the successor organization to the Roman Empire up to the present day. So the papacy.
|Little Horn||King of the North||Characteristic|
|1.||Appears after Rome |
|Appears after Rome|
|Time of appearance|
|2.||Horn blasphemes against God |
(Dan. 7:25 Dan. 8:23)
|King of the North blasphemes against God|
|Adversary of God|
|3.||Fight the sanctuary|
|Fight the sanctuary|
|Fight the Covenant|
|Rejects God's law and covenant|
|5.||Horn pursues saints|
(Dan. 7:21.25 Dan. 8:24)
|King of the north pursues saints|
|Fight God's people|
|6.||Little horn grows bigger|
(Dan. 7:20 Dan. 8:9)
|North King becomes very powerful|
|Power is getting bigger|
|7.||Horn rages for 3.5 times|
|North King has limited time|
|Specific length of time|
|8.||God destroys the horn|
(Dan. 7:11.26 Dan. 8:25)
|God destroys north king|
|The destined end|
|Daniel 8||Daniel 11
Verses 5 to 39
|1.||Process is a struggle||Process is a struggle|
|2.||Babylon does not appear||Babylon does not appear|
|3.||Medo-Persia and Greece|
|Medo-Persia and Greece
|4.||Four kingdoms of Greece|
|Four kingdoms of Greece
|6.||The Little Horn - Papacy|
(V. 9-14. 23-25)
|King of the North - Papacy
|7.||The time of the end|
|The time of the end
|8.||Little Horn is destroyed|
|North King is destroyed
Bible verses from King James Version